The California Employment Development Department earlier this month reported that the state added 31700 jobs in October. According to a new study by the University of Redlands Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis (ISEA), jobs across the state grew by 256800, or 1.5%, since last October.
Education and Health Services drives job growth in past year
The largest job gains across California were in Education and Health Services, with 76400 jobs added in the past year. Job gains in this industry were highest in Los Angeles County (+24200 jobs), Riverside and San Bernardino Counties (+7500 jobs), and Alameda and Contra Costa Counties (+6400 jobs).
The largest job losses were in Manufacturing (-4700 jobs statewide). Job losses in this industry were highest in Orange County (-6200 jobs), Los Angeles County (-3200 jobs), and Sonoma County (-1300 jobs).
Jobs grew fastest in zip codes with 500-999 people per square mile
ISEA breaks down employment by zip code. The map above shows employment levels (represented by circle width) and annual change in employment (represented by circle color). Large circles represent a large number of workers, and green circles indicate fast growing zip codes.
Overall, areas with 500-999 people per square mile grew faster than other areas at 1.6% over the year. This is followed by areas with less than 200 people per square mile (1.5% annual growth). Areas with 200-499 people per square mile grew the third fastest at 1.4%). Areas with 1000 or more people per square mile grew the slowest at 1.3%.
Alpine County grew fastest
The fastest growing counties were Alpine County (growing at 8.1% over the year), Mariposa County (4.3%), and Madera County (4%). Zip codes in these counties can be identified on the map due to their large green circles. Slowest growing were Del Norte County (-1.5%), Santa Cruz County (-0.3%), and Sierra County (0%). Zip codes in these counties can be spotted due to their large red or yellow circles.
The video below illustrates employment growth across California. For additional videos, head to the ISEA YouTube channel.
The pattern of regional job growth can be seen in the ISEA employment animation for California on the ISEA YouTube channel at https://www.youtube.com/user/ISEAatRedlands.
Detailed reports by zip-codes and small regional areas can be generated with the ISEA Data Explorer. Could you give us some feedback to improve this tool? If yes, please go to https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/ISEASurvey and fill out our 5 minute survey. Thank you very much in advance!
The researchers combined today’s data release on employment by industry from the California Employment Development Department with business pattern data by zip code and industry from the U.S. Census Bureau to arrive at their projected values. State employment are seasonally adjusted, while county and zip code employment are not. The researchers point out that, given the data available to them, their projected values are only rough approximations of the true values, and that accuracy is higher for counties with larger populations. Despite those shortcomings, the observed patterns should still be helpful for decision makers in politics, businesses and organizations to determine where to best direct their efforts.
About the University of Redlands Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis (ISEA)
The Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis (ISEA) serves regional, national and global business and government leaders in their needs to better understand how socio-economic phenomena affect their communities. A division of the University of Redlands School of Business, ISEA publishes ongoing, timely reports covering retail, employment, housing, logistics and other special topics. A key distinction of the Institute is its ability to illustrate economic trends and patterns through the use of geo-spatial mapping techniques. In addition, ISEA’s ability to provide Zip code level analysis for many of its reports provides unprecedented detail. Current ISEA economic data and interactive maps may be found at http://www.iseapublish.com/map
Author: Jess Chen, Ph.D., Jess_Chen@redlands.edu
Faculty Fellow at the Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis,
University of Redlands, School of Business
Contact: Johannes Moenius, Ph.D., email@example.com
Director, Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis,
University of Redlands, School of Business