California Loses 16,300 Jobs in April Education and Health Services drives job growth in past year

Jess Chen Analysis, Employment, Income & Wealth, Reports

Southern California Annual Change in Employment, Apr 2016 – Apr 2017

The California Employment Development Department earlier this month reported that the state lost -16,300 jobs in April. According to a new study by the University of Redlands Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis (ISEA), jobs across the state grew by 236,700, or 1.4%, since last April. Riverside and San Bernardino Counties saw 3.1% growth over the year.

Education and Health Services drives job growth in past year

The largest job gains across California were in Education and Health Services, with 69700 jobs added in the past year. Job gains in this industry were highest in Los Angeles County (+25900 jobs), El Dorado Placer Sacramento and Yolo Counties (+6400 jobs), and Riverside and San Bernardino Counties (+5900 jobs).

The largest job losses were in Manufacturing (-11400 jobs statewide). Job losses in this industry were highest in Los Angeles County (-5400 jobs), Orange County (-2200 jobs), and Sonoma County (-2000 jobs).

Jobs grew fastest in zip codes with 500-999 people per square mile

ISEA breaks down employment by zip code. The map above shows employment levels (represented by circle width) and annual change in employment (represented by circle color). Large circles represent a large number of workers, and green circles indicate fast growing zip codes.

Overall, areas with 500-999 people per square mile grew faster than other areas at 1.8% over the year. This is followed by areas with 200-499 people per square mile (1.6% annual growth). Areas with 1000 or more people per square mile grew the third fastest at 1.4%). Areas with less than 200 people per square mile grew the slowest at 1%.

Sutter and Yuba Counties grew fastest

The fastest growing counties were Sutter and Yuba Counties (growing at 5% over the year), Amador County (4.3%), and Butte County (3.9%). Zip codes in these counties can be identified on the map due to their large green circles. Slowest growing were Alpine County (-8.1%), Colusa County (-2.9%), and Plumas County (-1.5%). Zip codes in these counties can be spotted due to their large red or yellow circles.

The video below illustrates employment growth across California. For additional videos, head to the ISEA YouTube channel.

The pattern of regional job growth can be seen in the ISEA employment animation for California on the ISEA YouTube channel at https://www.youtube.com/user/ISEAatRedlands.

Detailed reports by zip-codes and small regional areas can be generated with the ISEA Data Explorer. Could you give us some feedback to improve this tool? If yes, please go to https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/ISEASurvey and fill out our 5 minute survey. Thank you very much in advance!

METHODOLOGY

The researchers combined today’s data release on employment by industry from the California Employment Development Department with business pattern data by zip code and industry from the U.S. Census Bureau to arrive at their projected values. State employment are seasonally adjusted, while county and zip code employment are not. The researchers point out that, given the data available to them, their projected values are only rough approximations of the true values, and that accuracy is higher for counties with larger populations. Despite those shortcomings, the observed patterns should still be helpful for decision makers in politics, businesses and organizations to determine where to best direct their efforts.

About the University of Redlands Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis (ISEA)

The Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis (ISEA) serves regional, national and global business and government leaders in their needs to better understand how socio-economic phenomena affect their communities. A division of the University of Redlands School of Business, ISEA publishes ongoing, timely reports covering retail, employment, housing, logistics and other special topics. A key distinction of the Institute is its ability to illustrate economic trends and patterns through the use of geo-spatial mapping techniques. In addition, ISEA’s ability to provide Zip code level analysis for many of its reports provides unprecedented detail. Current ISEA economic data and interactive maps may be found at http://www.iseapublish.com/map

Additional Maps

Los Angeles County Annual Change in Employment, Apr 2016 – Apr 2017

Inland Empire Annual Change in Employment, Apr 2016 – Apr 2017

California Annual Change in Employment, Apr 2016 – Apr 2017

San Diego County Annual Change in Employment, Apr 2016 – Apr 2017

Orange County Annual Change in Employment, Apr 2016 – Apr 2017

Northern California Annual Change in Employment, Apr 2016 – Apr 2017


Contact

Author: Jess Chen, Ph.D., Jess_Chen@redlands.edu
Faculty Fellow at the Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis,
University of Redlands, School of Business

Contact: Johannes Moenius, Ph.D., isea@redlands.edu
Director, Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis,
University of Redlands, School of Business