This report deals with employment in American Indian reservations and other Indian controlled land within metropolitan statistical areas in the United States, which will be referred to as “urban Indian lands” below.
Mideast region leads in job growth
Urban Indian lands added 59,500 jobs since last March, according to a new study by the University of Redlands Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis (ISEA). This represents a growth of 1.64% since last March, with the Mideast region leading urban Indian lands with 2.84% annual job growth. The Plains region grew the slowest at -0.15%.
Education and Health Services drives job growth
Among urban Indian lands, the largest job gains in the past year were in Education and Health Services, with 17,300 jobs added. Job gains in this industry were highest in Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale AZ (+1,800 jobs within Indian land), Tulsa OK (+1,700 jobs), and Urban Honolulu HI (+1,600 jobs). The largest job losses were in manufacturing, with 9,300 jobs lost in the past year. Job losses in this industry were largest in Tulsa OK (-6,000 jobs within Indian land), Houma-Thibodaux LA (-3,400 jobs), and Oklahoma City OK (-470 jobs).
Jobs grew fastest in areas with 1000 or greater people per square mile
ISEA breaks down employment by zip code. Overall, zip codes with 1000 or greater people per square miles grew faster than other areas at 2.13% over the year. This is followed by zip codes with 200-499 people per square mile, which grew at 1.53%, zip codes with 500-999 people per square mile at 1.44% and zip codes with less than 200 people per square mile at 1.32%.
ISEA also compares metropolitan statistical areas (MSA) in terms of their growth specifically within Indian lands. The fastest growing MSAs were Madera CA (growing at 10.82% over the year), Santa Maria-Santa Barbara CA (6.39%), and Niles-Benton Harbor MI (5.98%). Slowest growing were Lafayette LA (-10.24%), Houma-Thibodaux LA (-6.38%), and Grand Junction CO (-2.60%).
The regional distribution of job growth can be clearly observed in the ISEA employment animation for the U.S. on the ISEA YouTube channel at https://www.youtube.com/user/ISEAatRedlands.
Detailed reports by zip codes and small regional areas can be generated with the ISEA Data Explorer at http://isea.redlands.edu/map/. A short introduction on how to use this map-based interface can also be found at the ISEA YouTube channel. Could you give us some feedback to improve this tool? If yes, please go to https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/ISEASurvey and fill out our 5 minute survey. Thank you very much in advance!
The researchers combined today’s data release on employment by industry from the Bureau of Labor Statistics with business pattern data by zip code and industry from the U.S. Census Bureau to arrive at their projected values. The researchers point out that, given the data available to them, their projected values are only rough approximations of the true values, and that accuracy is higher for counties with larger populations. Despite those shortcomings, the observed patterns should still be helpful for decision makers in politics, businesses and organizations to determine where to best direct their efforts.
About the University of Redlands Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis (ISEA)
The Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis (ISEA) serves regional, national and global business and government leaders in their needs to better understand how socio-economic phenomena affect their communities. A division of the University of Redlands School of Business, ISEA publishes ongoing, timely reports covering retail, employment, housing, logistics and other special topics. A key distinction of the Institute is its ability to illustrate economic trends and patterns through the use of geo-spatial mapping techniques. In addition, ISEA’s ability to provide zip code level analysis for many of its reports provides unprecedented detail. Current ISEA economic data and interactive maps may be found at http://isea.redlands.edu/.
Author: Jess Chen, Jess_Chen@redlands.edu
Faculty Fellow at the Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis,
University of Redlands, School of Business
Contact: Johannes Moenius, Ph.D., email@example.com, 909-557-8161
Director, Institute for Spatial Economic Analysis,
University of Redlands, School of Business